NPCI introduced to help the common man
- National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) was incorporated in December 2008.
- It was issued Certificate of Commencement of Business in April 2009.
- NPCI was set up to be a hub for all electronic retail payment systems.
- Its other objective was to promote an affordable payment mechanism to facilitate the common man and bring in financial inclusion.
RuPay born to challenge Visa and Master Card
- India launched its very own card payment gateway RuPay, which would compete with the likes of Visa and Master Card and provide an alternative system for banks to provide a debit card service.
- RuPay would help in building a payment network in rural areas.
- 200,000 RuPay debit cards has been issued and the NPCI had plans to issue 10 million cards by March 2013.
What does RuPay stand for?
RuPay is the portmanteau (or linguistic blend) of two terms Rupee and Payment. It is the seventh such payment gateway in the world.
RuPay finds validation under Jana Dhan Yojna
- Modi took the RuPay a step closer to global acceptance by making it a part of the Jan-Dhan Yojna launched on 28 March 2014.
- Under this scheme, banks would give every account holder a 'RuPay' debit card with an inbuilt Rs. 1 lakh accident insurance cover.
- This paved the way for the reach of debit cards to the poor and rural population of India.
Railways goes the RuPay way
- The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) launched RuPay pre-paid debit card service in collaboration with the National Payment Corporation of India and the Union Bank of India
- This would allow railway passengers to book their tickets, shop and pay service bills using these pre-paid cards.
- The railway minister Suresh Prabhu said it was "a union with your bank for customers' interest".
China's version of RuPay
China has its own national card service called China Union Pay (CUP) with a card base of 1.8 million and is accepted in 26 countries across the world.
RuPay credit cards coming soon
- The National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) has decided to launch India's very own credit card payment system - RuPay from next year.
- The NPCI has grown from 2 million transactions a day to 20 million transactions now, in a span of 5 years.
- 160 million people have already been issued RuPay and by 2020 the NPCI aims to reach every Indian.
RuPay gives tough competition to Visa and MasterCard
- RuPay cards have gained a market share of 35% against 28% for MasterCard in the electronic card space in India.
- However, half of the RuPay cards have not been used.
- MasterCard alleged that there is an unsaid mandate by the government to issue RuPay card in the Jan Dhan Yojana, which has affected the level-playing field and restricted opportunities for them, despite being cheaper.
Electronic channel still forms meager portion
According to estimates, there are 622 million cards in India, but just 3% of the $1.5 trillion total payment flows in India are through electronic modes, implying a huge potential of growth for all players.
Expect RuPay credit cards by Jul 2016
- The National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) is planning to launch RuPay credit cards by July 2016.
- There are about 241 million RuPay debit cards already in service which account for 35% of the total card base in the country.
- According to NPCI chairman, M. Balachandran, China Union Pay (CUP) and Japan Credit Bureau (JCB) cards will also be accepted in India starting Sept'16.