- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on 2 October 1869.
- He was the prominent leader of India's freedom struggle against British. Gandhi employed nonviolent, civil disobedience movement and led India to independence.
- He inspired leaders of civil rights and freedom across the world including Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela.
- Gandhi was assasinated on 30 January1948 by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist.
Relevance of Gandhi's principles in today's world
- The main pillars of Gandhi's philosophy were non-violence, tolerance of others, respect for all religions and a simple life.
- The recent incident of lynching of a man in Uttar Pradesh following rumours that he consumed beef, reflects everything that is wrong with our society today. This goes against the ideals that Gandhiji believed in.
- His values are more relevant today than ever.
Gandhi's influence on modern India
- Gandhi's views and beliefs regarding untouchability, women's empowerment, Gram Swarajya, basic education, small scale industries, cleanliness etc. influenced and shaped the modern India.
- Most of the above ideas formed a part of the directive principles of state policy in our constitution.
- Organizing village Panchayati raj, promoting cottage industries, promoting educational and economic interests of weaker sections of the people,etc. are few of them.
Swachh Bharat, the campaign inspired by Gandhi
- Gandhi was a strong advocate of cleanliness. He famously said, "Everyone must be his own scavenger."
- PM Modi launched the nation-wide cleanliness campaign- Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, on the occasion of Gandhi's birth anniversary on 2 Oct, 2014.
- "A clean India would be the best tribute India could pay to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150 birth anniversary in 2019," said the PM.
Some inspiring quotes of Gandhi
- "Be the change that you wish to see in the world."
- "First they ignore you, then they ridicule you, then they fight you, and then you win."
- "There are many causes I would die for. There is not a single cause I would kill for."
- "The greatness of humanity is not in being human, but in being humane."
International Day of non-violence
The United Nations General Assembly in 2007 announced that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.
India observes Gandhi Jayanti
2 Oct 2015
- 2 October 2015, marks the 146th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- On the eve of Gandhi Jayanti, President Pranab Mukherjee said "Gandhi Jayanti is an occasion for us to reflect on the life and contribution of the Father of our Nation."
- President recalled the words of Jawaharlal Nehru on Bapu's demise, "the light is gone and yet it will shine for a thousand years."
PC: 'Mahatma Gandhi standing outside 10 Downing Street in 1930' by Unknown. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons
PC: 'PM Modi launches the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan (1)' by M. Asokan - PM launches Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons