Juvenile Justice Act, 2000
- The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 was the principal legal structure for juvenile law in India.
- The act grants for a unique approach towards the "prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency" and provides a core for the "protection, treatment and rehabilitation" of children in the purview of the juvenile adjudication policy.
- The highest penalty under the act was 3 years.
Nirbhaya case shakes India, call for change get louder
Following the brutal 16 December Delhi incident, in which a paramedical student was brutally gangraped, the demand for reducing the age for trying juveniles involved in serious offences became more and more vociferous.
Lok Sabha amends Juvenile Justice Act
7 May 2015
- The Lok Sabha passed an amendment to the Juvenile Justice Act allowing children in the 16-18 age group to be tried as adults if they commit heinous crimes.
- The trial of the juvenile, whether as an adult or child, would depend upon the Juvenile Justice Board's assessment of the child.
- Many members had opposed the bill saying that retribution should not be the policy.
Juvenile Justice Bill passed in Rajya Sabha
22 Dec 2015
- The Juvenile Justice Bill was passed in the Rajya Sabha.
- The law will now permit kids between "16-18 years to be tried as adults in heinous crime cases."
- Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi explained that no juvenile offender would be sent to jail directly. Only a psychologist would decide if the offense is committed with an adult-frame-of-mind or 'child-like'.
Criticism against the new Act
22 Dec 2015
- The new Juvenile Justice Act was criticized by certain segments as an infringement of human rights of children and that it would lead to exploitation.
- Brinda Karat of Communist Party of India (CPI-M) also questioned the logic of legislators and voters behind the new Juveline Justice Act.
- She said "that treating a 16-year-old as an adolescent criminal in Tihar jail is retrograde understanding."
India gets a new Juvenile Justice Act
16 Jan 2016
- The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill which was ratified by Rajya Sabha in the Winter Session and approved by the President as an Act on 4 January came into effect today.
- Juvenile offenders will now be tried as adults if the crimes are deemed 'heinous' like rape and murder.
- They will deserve the same punishment as adult offenders.
Brinda Karat questions Juvenile Justice Act, says treating 16-year-old as adult among criminal is retrograde | Latest News & Gossip on Popular Trends at India.com
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