Population statistics of India
- The population of India as per the 2011 census was 121.09 crore. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with roughly 200 million people.
- The sex ratio of the country was observed as 943 females per 1000 males.
- The overall literacy in 2011 was reported as 74.04%. Female literacy at 65.46% was much lower than the male literacy which stood at 82.14% .
15th census in India
The 2011 census of India was the 15th census of India and was conducted in two phases - house listing and population enumeration. It marks the first time biometric information was collected. The motto of census 2011 was 'Our Census, Our future'.
Government releases Socio-Economic and Caste Census
- The first socio-economic and caste census in India since 1934, the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC), was released by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
- The data released pertained only to the socio-economic parameters of the SECC 2011. The detailed caste-based data had not been released.
- Census showed 1 in 3 rural households were landless and depended on manual labour for livelihood.
How is SECC data useful?
- SECC data is used by Rural Development Ministry in its programs such as MGNREGA, National Food Security Act, etc.
- It will also be used to identify beneficiary and expand the 'Direct Benefit Transfer' scheme as part of its plans to build upon the JAM (Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana-Aadhaar-Mobile number portability) trinity.
- SECC also collects data on aspects like manual scavenging and transgender count.
SECC 2011 Findings
- As per the SECC 2011 data, nearly 19% of India's rural population in 2011 lacked at least one of seven socio-economic parameters used to estimate deprivation, like source of income and quality dwelling among others.
- Close to a quarter– 23.5% of rural households have no literate adults above the age of 25.
- Just 4.6% of all rural households in the country pay income tax.
Lau, Nitish demand for Caste Census data
- Government's decision to withhold caste-based census data created a political row in poll-bound Bihar with Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and RJD Chief Lalu Prasad Yadav demanding it to be published.
- Questioning center's intention, Nitish Kumar alleged that the BJP-led NDA had no commitment to uplift the weaker sections of society.
- Lalu Yadav even observed fast on 27 July in Patna to press his demand.
Census: Hindu population dip below 80%, Muslim share up
- As per the Census 2011 data on Religious Communities, released by the Registrar General of India, the Hindu population dipped by 0.7% in the decade 2001 to 2011, making it 79.8% .
- Muslim population on the other hand increased by 0.8% making it 14.2%.
- Sikh and Buddhist population fell by 0.2 and 0.1% respectively.
- There was no significant change in Christians and Jains.
States with highest Muslim poulation
Assam remains the state with the largest Muslim population as a proportion (34.22%) and saw the largest increase in the Muslim proportion between 2001 and 2011, followed by Uttarakhand and Kerala.