The history of Kohinoor diamond
- The Kohinoor originally belonged to the Kakatiya Dynasty in 13th century.
- From Kakatiya, it went into many hands from Khilji to Mughals and later to Ahmad Shah.
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh, ruler of the Sikh empire acquired it but after his death in 1839, the British acquired it in under the treaty of Lahore.
- The treaty mentioned that Kohinoor was surrendered to Queen of England.
What is Kohinoor Diamond?
The Koh-i-Noor Diamond was mined at Kollur mine in Andhra Pradesh. It was measured as 793 carats originally. It was once the largest known diamond, but now it is a 105.6 metric carat diamond, weighing 21.6 grams in its most recent cut state.
Kohinoor won't be returned: Cameron
- British PM David Cameron, who was on a 3 day visit to India, had ruled out the return of Kohinoor to India.
- He said that if they would agree to such demands, the British museum would become empty soon.
- He said that there were many arguments about the original custody of the diamond and the truth would disappoint the people of India.
A myth about Kohinoor Diamond
According to a myth, the gem can only be worn by God or women, and whoever wears the jewel will become extremely powerful. However, if a man wears it, he will meet with an unfortunate end.
Return Kohinoor to India: Keith Vaz
- Keith Vaz, the longest serving Asian origin MP in UK, called for the return of Kohinoor to India.
- He said that there was no excuse for not returning precious items such as Kohinoor diamond to India.
- He had said that it would be a great gesture on the UK PM Cameron's part if PM Modi is presented the diamond on his UK visit.
British Queen sued by Indians for Kohinoor
- A group called Mountain of Light, consisting of Bollywood stars and businessmen, have sued the Queen of England.
- They had instructed their lawyers to begin legal proceedings against the Queen in London's High Court to return the Kohinoor Diamond.
- British lawyers said that their case would be based on the Holocaust act which gives national institutions in UK the power to return stolen items.
Can't stake claim on Kohinoor: Centre to SC
- The Centre told the SC that India shouldn't lay claim to the famous Kohinoor diamond as "it was neither stolen nor forcibly taken away".
- Expressing the Culture Ministry's stand, Solicitor General Ranjit Kumar said that the 105-karat Kohinoor was handed over willingly by Maharaja Ranjit Singh to East India Company.
- The Kohinoor is part of Queen Elizabeth II's crown, worth almost $200 million.
Govt: Will bring back Kohinoor
- Days after the Centre told the Supreme Court that the Kohinoor could not be brought back as it was not stolen by the British but gifted, the Centre has made a U-turn.
- The Culture Ministry said it was making all efforts to bring the diamond back to India.
- The Ministry also refuted media reports regarding the Centre's alleged communique to the SC.
No legal ground for restoring Kohinoor: Britain
- Amidst Indian Government's attempts to stake claims over the Kohinoor diamond, Britain brought to notice the lack of legal ground for restitution for the same.
- Alok Sharma, Britain's new minister for Asia and Pacific is on a 3-day visit to India. He said, "It is the UK Government's view that there aren't any legal ground for restitution of the diamond."