The formation of NSCN
- Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland ( NSCN) is the Nagaland-Nationalist Military group which is based out of North-East India.
- NSCN came into force on 31 January 1980 and it was formed by Isak Chishi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and S.S. Khaplang.
- This group aims to tie all the Naga people in Burma and other parts of the seven-sisters into a sovereign state "Nagalim".
PM sets a deadline to resolve Naga-issue
- Prime Minister, Narendra Modi made a four-day trip to North-East India to resolve the talks with insurgency group in the North-East regions.
- He also inaugurated The Assam Tribune Platinum Jubilee Celebrations at the Centre for Performing Arts
- The Prime Minister also set an 18-month deadline to resolve the issues in Nagaland that has been in talks for the past 17 years.
The working scheme of NSCN
NSCN is broken into 11 regions for administrative ease. In some regions, NSCN even holds a parallel Government. The organization even has 4 major ministries like defence and 5 other allied ministries like education.
Government cancels ceasefire pact
- The Government cancelled the ceasefire agreement with NSCN-K which was inked fourteen years ago.
- The reason for the revocation of the agreement was however not clarified. However, the cancellation was attributed to the violations of the clauses by certain insurgency activists.
- Meanwhile, a newer ceasefire agreement was inked with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland for a period of one year.
Second year: Appropriate moment for pact?
In a rather interesting note, both Rajiv Gandhi and Modi had signed a pact pertaining to North-East during the second year of their tenure. Gandhi signed the one with Mizoram in 1986, while Modi inked one with Nagaland.
New group crops-up due to ceasefire defiance
- Leaders of NSCN-K, Naga and Tikhak were expelled from the group for defying the revocation of the ceasefire agreement.
- They announced plans to float a new group National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Reformation)
- They said that the motive behind the creation of the new group was to develop a sense of brother-hood among the Naga family. They also wished to continue the ceasefire agreement.
Central Government signs peace treaty with Nagaland
- The Prime Minister Narendra Modi led government signed a pact with the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN).
- Signing of this pact concluded the talks that began in 1997 and marked a "historic peace agreement".
- However, integration of Nagaland with other Naga-dominated states of Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh is still unclear. This "re-organisation of states" was suggested by Nationalist Socialist Council earlier.