The Marshall Islands
- The Marshall Islands are officially known as the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
- It is an island country situated in the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
- Politically, it is a presidential republic in free association with America.
- It was passed to US by the UN in 1947 as "part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands established pursuant to Security Council Resolution 21."
Marshall Islands- the nuclear testing ground
- During the initial years of Cold War from 1946-58, America tested "67 nuclear weapons at its Pacific Proving Grounds located in the Marshall Islands".
- The residents of the Islands lived in an exile after they were transferred for the first weapon tests in 1946.
- In 1978, residents ingested high levels of radiation from eating local food grown there and were displaced from the Islands.
Intensity of tests done in Marshall Islands
The 15-megaton test that was carried in the Marshall Islands on 1 March 1954 was "1,000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima."
Marshall Islands blames 9 countries for breaching NPT
- The Marshall Islands blamed 9 countries of "not fulfilling their obligations with respect to the cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament".
- These countries included Britain, China, France, Israel, India, Pakistan, North Korea, Russia and the United States.
- Marshall Islands said that by doing so, the countries breached their commitments under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
8 of 9 nations accept having nuclear weapons
8 out of the 9 nations originally targeted in the Marshall Islands' lawsuits formally declared that they possessed a nuclear weapon (Israel never conceded to having one).
Marshall Islands to sue Britain, Indo, Pak over arms race
- The Marshall Islands have decided to take Pakistan, Britain and India to the UN, accusing them of "failing to halt the nuclear arms race."
- The International Court of Justice announced different dates for separate hearings from 7-16 March for the cases.
- The hearing involving India and Pakistan will ascertain if the Hague court can decide while it will hear 'preliminary objections' raised by London.
Marshall Islands on war-footing against Indo-Pak and Britain
- The Pacific island nation of Marshall Islands opened the complaint against India, Pakistan and Britain before the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
- The country portrayed a lucid picture of the "horrors of nuclear war" which had affected the country in the most adverse ways before the ICJ tribunal.
- Judges are yet to decide whether they can "hear the lawsuits brought against India and Pakistan."
ICJ rejects Marshall Islands suit against India
- The International Court of Justice has struck down a law suit filed by the Marshall Islands against India, which sought to force India and other nuclear powers to disarm.
- The court accepted India's arguments that the case against India does not fall within the ICJ's jurisdiction, rejecting the Marshall Island's claim.
- The lawsuit was also directed against Britain and Pakistan.