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The beginning of the rage in Libya

15-18 Feb 2011
The beginning of the rage in Libya
  • Following the arrest of a human rights attorney representing over 1000 prisoners who died in Abu Salim jail of Tripoli in 1996, fierce protests upsurged in front of Benghazi's police headquarters on 15 February 2011.
  • On 17 February, Libyan military and security forces fired live ammunition on protestors.
  • The security personnel withdrew from Benghazi on 18 February after being overwhelmed by protestors.

No civilians killed?

Fact
Personal

On 28 February 2011, after the slaughter of about 1000 people due to the uprising, Sail al-Islam Gaddafi denied the charges levied against his father's government of killing civilians. "Show me a single attack, show me a single bomb," he said to a reporter of CNN.

The Libyan Civil War in a nutshell

2011
The Libyan Civil War in a nutshell
  • The protests spread across the country leading to the formation of the interim governing body, The National Transitional Council by the forces opposing the Gaddafi government.
  • The battle continued until the rebel forces captured the capital city of Tripoli and gained lost territories in August 2011.
  • On 16 September, UN recognised the Transitional Council as the legal representative of Libya replacing the Gaddafi government.

To be investigated by ICC

Fact
Information

Following the revolution that began in February, the United Nations Security Council had referred the matter to be investigated by the International Criminal Court.

Arrest warrant issued against Gaddafi and son

27 Jun 2011
Arrest warrant issued against Gaddafi and son
  • The international Criminal Court (ICC) issued warrants against Colonel Muamman Gaddafi along with his son Saif al-Islam Gaddafi and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Sanussi.
  • The warrant was issued for ordering attacks on civilians during the Libyan uprising.
  • The warrant stated that although Saif al-Islam did not hold any official position in Libya, he is the "most influential person" in the inner circle of Col. Gaddafi.

Libya's liberation

Fact
Information

Muammar Gaddafi was captured and killed by rebel forces in 20 October 2011. The National Transitional Council declared the official end of the war and the "Liberation of Libya" on 23 October 2011

Gaddafi's son captured in Libya

19 Nov 2011
Gaddafi's son captured in Libya
  • Saif al-Islam Gaddafi was captured by militia fighters near Obari and flown to their base in the northern town of Zintan.
  • Zintan fighters had stated that they planned to keep him until they think they can hand him over to the capital, Tripoli.
  • As he was wanted by the ICC for trial, the Interim Prime Minister assured that he would receive a fair trial.

Saif Gaddafi appears in Zintan Court

17 Jan 2013
Saif Gaddafi appears in Zintan Court
  • Saif al-Islam appeared in a Zintan court which further fuelled the conflict between ICC and the Libyan government.
  • Libya was reluctant to hand him over to the ICC where he would only be given a jail-sentence.
  • The ICC had passed a resolution that if Tripoli failed to hand him over to ICC, it would be reported to the UN Security Council.

Libya sentences Gadaffi's son to death

30 Jul 2015
Libya sentences Gadaffi's son to death
  • The Tripoli court has sentenced Saif al-Islam Gadaffi, son of late Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, to death by firing squad for bolstering war crimes during the 2011 Arab Spring Uprising.
  • He is being held captive at north-western town of Zintan, who refuse to surrender him to Tripoli.
  • The Libyan court has also passed the sentence to eight others, including former Intelligence head, Abdullah al-Senussi.