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Chile- An earthquake prone zone!

Background
Chile- An earthquake prone zone!
  • Chile, located in the continent of South-America is one of the most earthquake-prone areas in the world.
  • Nazca tectonic-plate just off the coast of Chile plunges beneath the South-American plate, pushing the Andes-cordillera to higher altitudes, making it vulnerable.
  • Thereby, it lies in the Pacific "Ring of Fire"- an arc of fault-lines that circles the Pacific-basin which are prone to frequent earthquakes and volcanoes.

Earthquake history of Chile

2010
Earthquake history of Chile
  • There have been repeated earthquakes in Chile since several centuries.
  • The strongest earthquake ever recorded on earth with magnitude of 9.5 was at Chile in 1960 that killed more than 5000 people.
  • In 2010, an 8.8 magnitude earthquake ensuing tsunami struck South-Central Chile killing more than 500 people, destroying 220,000 homes and causing massive destruction to infrastructure.
  • Chile improved its alert-system post the earthquake.

Earth's day shortened!

Fact
Do you know?

The 2010 Chile earthquake released so much energy that it shortened the length of the earth's day by a fraction of second by changing the earth's rotation!

Sixth strongest earthquake in the history of Chile!

16 Sep 2015
Sixth strongest earthquake in the history of Chile!
  • A terrifying earthquake of 8.3 magnitude hit Chile's coast, killing atleast 11 people, injuring 9 and destroying almost 526 homes.
  • The earthquake occurred at a shallow depth with the epicentre being 177 miles north of the capital city, Santiago and was felt more than 2100 miles away including Sao Paulo and Brazil.
  • It caused extensive damage to the city's main port.

Massive evacuation after Tsunami warning!

16 Sep 2015
Massive evacuation after Tsunami warning!
  • As the earthquake hit Chile, the authorities were forced to evacuate residents along the 2690 mile coast after tsunami warnings were issued.
  • The National Emergency Service of Chile ordered the immediate evacuation of the coasts well as the Easter-Island and the Archipelago Juan Fernandez.
  • The under-secretary of the interior, Mahmud Aleuy ratified that one million had been evacuated and 243,000 homes had lost electric-power.

The tsunami that ensued!

16 Sep 2015
The tsunami that ensued!
  • Hours after the earthquake at Chile, tsunami waves upto 4.5 metres (15 feet) came gushing into Coquimbo region, 400 kilometres north of Santiago.
  • Waves of differing intensity hit parts of different cities as people moved from lower-ground to higher-ground on foot and vehicles.
  • The tsunami flooded many parts of Chile, causing extensive damage to the city-port, fishing-wharf and a lot of area in downtown.

Tsunami alert in Japan after Chile earthquake!

18 Sep 2015
Tsunami alert in Japan after Chile earthquake!
  • After a powerful earthquake hit Chile on Wednesday, tsunami waves continued to navigate across the Pacific-Ocean instigating evacuations in Japan.
  • The Japan Meteorological Agency issued a tsunami advisory for the entire Pacific coast of Japan.
  • Although, a major tsunami is not anticipated, local officials have advised evacuation in a number of low-lying areas in the Pacific coast.
  • Atleast 20,000 people fall under the orders.