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WARF's patent

Patent
WARF's patent
  • WARF's patent regarding improvement of processor chip efficiency was awarded to them by the US Patent and Trademark Office in 1998.
  • It was issued to University of Wisconsin-Madison Computer Science professor Gurindar Sohi, and three graduate students - Andreas Moshovos, Scott Breach and Terani Vijaykumar.
  • According to Sohi, it took 11 years to develop the technology.
  • WARF sued Apple in January 2014.

Intel sued by WARF

Fact
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Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) sued computer chip manufacturer Intel Corp in 2008 over the same patent. However, the case was settled out of court for an estimated $110 million.

Apple could face $862m in damages

14 Oct 2015
Apple could face $862m in damages
  • A US jury came to conclude, in the Apple v WARF case, that Apple had indeed violated a WARF patent regarding improvement of processor efficiency.
  • The decision came after the jury considered whether Apple's A7, A8 and A8X processors used in iPhones 5s, 6 and 6Plus violated the patent.
  • The trial will now assess Apple's liability which could be as high as $862 million.

Apple's claims and WARF's claims

Damages
Apple's claims and WARF's claims
  • WARF claimed $400 million in damages from Apple for violating its patent.
  • Morgan Chu, attorney for WARF argued that Apple should pay $2.74 for every unit which violated the patent, while William Lee, Apple's attorney argued that the royalty should be 70 cents per unit.
  • From WARF's $400 million claim and Chu's statement, it could be concluded that 145 million Apple units were involved.

WARF and research

Fact
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According to the offical website of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF), WARF uses a part of its own income to fund research in schools. In 2014 itself, WARF reportedly gave out research grants of $58 million.

Apple ordered to pay $234m in patent lawsuit

18 Oct 2015
Apple ordered to pay $234m in patent lawsuit
  • A federal court in the US gave its verdict on a patent lawsuit between Apple and University of Wisconsin.
  • The verdict requires Apple to pay $234 million to Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) for infringing a patent on microprocessor technology developed by WARF researchers.
  • Although the amount was less than the $400 million initially demanded by WARF, Apple has decided to appeal the verdict.