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Vivaan Rao

Vivaan Rao

Asked on 14 January, 2019

Which Central agencies have been given surveillance powers?

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The agencies empowered are the Intelligence Bureau, Narcotics Control Bureau, Enforcement Directorate, Central Board of Direct Taxes, Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, CBI, National Investigation Agency, Cabinet Secretariat (R&AW), Directorate of Signal Intelligence (in Jammu and Kashmir, North-East and Assam only), and the Delhi Police Commissioner.

Trisha Gavde

Trisha Gavde

Asked on 14 January, 2019

Could the government conduct surveillance earlier?

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Yes. However, only the Ministry of Home Affairs had the power to scan people's emails and phone calls.

Charvi Sen

Charvi Sen

Asked on 14 January, 2019

Under what circumstances can the powers be invoked?

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The surveillance powers can be invoked under Section 69(1) of the IT Act in investigations that are in the "interest of the sovereignty or integrity of India, defense of India, security of the state, friendly relations with foreign states or public order or for preventing incitement to the commission of any cognizable offence relating to above or for investigation of any offence."

Devansh Jhadav

Devansh Jhadav

Asked on 14 January, 2019

How had people reacted to the order?

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The order had received widespread criticism from the Opposition, who alleged that the government was trying to snoop on people by empowering the Central agencies.

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