Sharp drop in foreign remittances

05 Aug 2016 | By Supriya Kaur
Fallout of dropping Gulf remittances

A steady drop in crude oil prices and a subsequent decline in remittances from Gulf countries is raising the hackles of the Indian Government.

Remittances in 2015-2016 from the Persian Gulf region saw a 2.2% decline for the first time in six years.

India is the world's largest recipient of foreign remittances from Indians working abroad. In 2015 India received $69 billion in remittances.

In context: Fallout of dropping Gulf remittances

AboutWhat's causing remittances to drop?

A 62% drop in crude oil prices has seen expansion plans of Middle East companies come to a halt.

A significant number of jobs have been cut at companies like Abu Dhabi National Oil, Abu Dhabi National Energy, Eithad Rail and more.

Saudi Arabia's Nitaqat Law allows jobs to be reserved for natives which will now make it harder for Indians to get jobs.

DetailsDirect Impact on India's economy

A prolonged drop in remittances is likely to dent India's economic growth warned Moody's Investor Services.

Remittances are significant since the recipients are mostly poor families that use them for medical expenses and other necessities.

This drop is a 'red flag' as it could result in an imbalance of India's current account deficit and economists at Citigroup Inc. expect the rupee to weaken further.

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Top 5 countries with highest remittances

In 2015, India received the highest remittance across the world at $72.2 billion; followed by China at $63.9 billion, the Philippines at $29.7 billion, Mexico at $25.7 billion and at 5th place is France at $24.6 billion.
Indirect impact on economy

DetailsIndirect impact on economy

The drop in crude prices has resulted in a sharp drop in India's exports to the Gulf region.

Dropping remittances and Indians losing jobs could put pressure on the Indian Government to create more jobs as overseas companies slashed their workforce.

However, amid the churn, Gulf Countries are seeing development in infrastructure pick up; this could create jobs for professionals and skilled workers.

05 Aug 2016Sharp drop in foreign remittances

Remittances vs. FDI

In 2014, inward remittances was nearly three times the foreign direct investment ($24.3 billion) in India. Last year, remittances accounted for 1.75 times the FDI as there was a significant rise in foreign direct investment.