The prevailing process of admission
- The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), in its current format, consists of two papers- the JEE(Main) and the JEE(Advanced).
- The top 200,000 students from the JEE(Main) test are allowed to take the JEE(Advanced) test.
- 40% weightage is given to board marks, and 60% to JEE(Main) scores for admission into NITs, IIITs, and Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs).
- Admission to IITs depend on JEE(Advanced) marks.
A single exam for IITs and NITs
- The Ministry of Human Resource Development proposed a single test for admission into the IITs and NITs.
- To further the HRD ministry's strategy, a committee was constituted by the IIT Council and the NIT Council.
- The 40% weightage on board marks is to be scrapped and admission to the institutes will be based solely on JEE scores.
- The final decision is scheduled for November.
The committee set up to further the HRD ministry's plans will be headed by the Chairperson of IIT-Roorkee. Ashok Mishra. Fomer IIT-Madras Director, Prof. Anant, DRDO scientist Tessy Thomas and IIT-Kharagpur Chairperson Pavan Goenka are some of the other members.
Joint Entrance Examination to see major changes
- The structure of JEE is set to see major changes in 2017, after recommendations by The Committee of Eminent Persons (CEP) are implemented.
- The Human Resource Development ministry has also been urged by the CEP to take measures to improve school education and methods of examination by various boards.
- The JEE will be conducted in its current format till the proposed changes are incorporated.
Aptitude tests to be introduced for JEE
- As per the recommendations of the CEP, a National Testing Service shall be set up by 2016.
- This online aptitude test will be modelled to test scientific thinking rather than learning.
- Based on the National Testing Service results, 400,000 candidates will be shortlisted for taking JEE.
- The JEE itself will test knowledge in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and shall be conducted by the IITs.
Reasons for the proposed changes to the JEE
- The current system of admission, according to IITs and NITs, generally favour heavily tutored but not-so-talented students.
- The HRD ministry's proposal aims to "reduce exam pressure" and check "coaching dependence...without diluting testing quality", according to the terms of reference
- The CEP has also recommended the IITs to set up a system for mock JEEs so as to reduce student dependency on coaching institutions.
Class 12 marks to not affect JEE rank
- Class XII marks will not be a factor for determining rankings in the Joint Entrance Examination for admissions to engineering undergraduate courses in IITs.
- HRD Ministry officials said the decision was taken after a committee set up by the IIT Council submitted recommendations on changes in the JEE pattern.
- Class XII marks will determine eligibility (minimum 75%) for JEE and not the overall rank.