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India
9 Feb 2016

Kashmir valley shut on Afzal Guru's death anniversary

A protest shutdown called by separatists on the third death anniversary of Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru adversely affected life across the Kashmir Valley.

Shops, public transport, and business establishments remained closed in the valley. Train services between Baramulla and Banihal towns were also suspended.

Heavy deployment of police and paramilitary forces was made across the valley to maintain law and order.

In context

The Afzal Guru case

Introduction

Who was Afzal Guru?

Afzal Guru was a terrorist who was convicted and was given death sentence in India for his role in the December 2001 terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament.

He was born in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir on 30 June 1969.

He was a part of the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front and also suspected to be part of the Jaish-e-Muhammed.

13 Dec 2001

The 2001 Parliament attack

On 13 December 2001, five armed terrorists stormed the Parliament House Complex in New Delhi while parliament was in session.

The terrorists killed six security personnel and one civilian and as many as 12 security personnel and six civilians were hurt.

All five terrorists were gunned down and the MPs and lawmakers escaped unharmed.

Investigations revealed that the attack was carried out by Jaish-e-Muhammed.

Dec 2001

Delhi police arrest 4 suspects over Parliament attack

Delhi Police picked up Afzal Guru, a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM), from Jammu and Kashmir in connection with the Parliament attacks.

S.A.R Geelani of Delhi University's Zakir Hussain College was also picked up for questioning and later arrested.

Two other suspects Afsan Guru and her husband Shaukat Hussain Guru were also arrested.

Afsan Guru was later released after questioning.

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2002

Charges framed, sentences handed out

In June 2002, Indian authorities framed charges against all the accused under the stringent Prevention of Terrorism Act.

In December 2002, the special POTA court sentenced to death S.A.R. Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru, and Mohammed Afzal for their role in the 2001 Parliament attack.

They were sentenced under Section 3(2) of POTA (indulging in terrorist acts leading to deaths) and IPC Section 302 (murder).

What was Afzal Guru's crime?

Afzal Guru was held guilty of harboring the terrorists prior to the attack despite knowing their intentions and origins, remaining in touch with them before the attack commenced and accepting Rs.10 lakh from the terrorists.

Mercy

Afzal to hang, wife files mercy petition

In 2006, Additional Sessions Judge Ravinder Kaur, signed Afzal Guru's death warrant and ordered his hanging.

His wife filed a mercy petition with President Abdul Kalam in October 2006, which was rejected by the Supreme Court, upholding his death sentence.

Afzal submitted that he was denied a fair trial in the Sessions Court, bu the SC rejected the plea, citing 'no merit'.

No mercy, Afzal Guru hanged

Afzal Guru filed a mercy petition with President Pranab Mukherjee, which was also rejected citing 'no merit'. He was hanged in Tihar Jail on 9 February, 2013.

9 Feb 2016

Kashmir valley shut on Afzal Guru's death anniversary

A protest shutdown called by separatists on the third death anniversary of Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru adversely affected life across the Kashmir Valley.

Shops, public transport, and business establishments remained closed in the valley. Train services between Baramulla and Banihal towns were also suspended.

Heavy deployment of police and paramilitary forces was made across the valley to maintain law and order.

What happened to the others in the case?

S.A.R Geelani was acquitted in 2003 for lack of sufficient evidence. Shaukat Hussain Guru's death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and he was released from Tihar jail on 30 December, 2010.

9 Feb 2016

JNU students clash over Afzal Guru event

Students of the Jawaharlal Nehru University clashed over an event organized to commemorate parliament attack convict Afzal Guru's death anniversary.

The incident occurred at a cultural evening organized by 10 students, formerly of the Democratic Students' Union, at the Sabarmati Dhaba.

Students of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad complained to the administration over the event leading to clashes between them and the event organizers.

11 Feb 2016

‘Disciplinary’ inquiry ordered into JNU clashes

The JNU administration ordered a "disciplinary" inquiry into holding of an event on campus against the hanging of Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru.

The university's move came in wake of protests by members of ABVP outside the VC office demanding expulsion of students who carried out the event.

A committee headed by the Chief Proctor of JNU would investigate the matter.

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