In 2015, Haryana and then Jharkhand began a similar exercise of tagging cows with UID to provide them health schemes as well as check illegal cattle smuggling. Both states provided booklets to owners to regularly fill in details about their cows.
In this Budget, the overall targeted outcome concerning this scheme are employment for 100,000 people, 15% increase in artificial insemination and a Rs. 15,000cr jump in value of milk output, by enrolling 400 crore cattle.
For artificial insemination, the output target is 15 crore sex-sorted doses to "increase availability of high genetic merit heifers (cows that have not borne calves)."
Rs. 200cr for upgrade of commonplace breeds using elite varieties
About Rs. 200cr has been earmarked for an artificial insemination drive, aiming to "upgrade" commonplace breeds using elite indigenous varieties like the Gir (Gujarat), Sahiwal and Rathi (Rajasthan). Officials claim milk from indigenous cattle has more "A2 allele of beta casein" and is thus healthier.