India's public sector banks can now report and file charges on high value frauds with the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
High value frauds refer to those that amount to Rs. 50cr and above.
This shift was brought into effect when the RBI, India's central bank, noted that the banks could not report to a focal authority for complaints on massive frauds it faced.
CBI to act as nodal authority for banks
"The CBI will act as a centralized agency to receive complaints of frauds from banks," Central Vigilance Commissioner K V Chowdary told media reporters at a press conference.
Private sector banks and filing fraud charges
All private sector and foreign banks in India facing frauds of over Rs. 1lakh may report them to the state police.
It also stated that frauds amounting to Rs. 10,000 and above must be filed with the state police.
In case the frauds amount to more than Rs. 1crore, complaints must be filed with the state police along with the Serious Fraud Investigation Office.
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Fraud complaints from public sector banks
The public sector banks that witness frauds varying from Rs. 3crore to Rs. 25crore may file charges with the CBI's Anti Corruption Branch or its Economic Offences Wing.
All frauds over Rs. 50crore may approach the agency's Joint Director for charges.
CBI's Joint Director to receive fraud complaints
With the new provisions for the banks, the CBI has enabled authorization for its Joint Director officer to face the complaints and later initiate investigations by the agency's different wings on the complaints.
The Chief Vigilance Officers of the Central Vigilance Commission will be placed as the nodal officers for coordination purposes.
The year 2015 saw the CBI probe nearly 171 fraud cases.
ICICI, SBI top bank fraud list
455 fraud cases of over Rs. 1 lakh were recorded in ICICI Bank, while SBI recorded 429, Standard Chartered, 244 and HDFC Bank, 237.
The RBI data also revealed possible involvement of bank staffers in the fraud.