With the swearing-in of Justice Indira Banerjee, the Supreme Court will, for the first time in its history, have three sitting women judges.
Justice Banerjee is the eighth woman judge in the Supreme Court since Independence.
The two other women judges are Justice Indu Malhotra and Justice R Banumathi.
Justice Banerjee will retire from the apex court on September 23, 2022.
Banerjee became a judge of the Calcutta High Court on February 5, 2002, and was made the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court on April 5, 2017.
The first woman judge of the SC was Justice Fathima Beevi who was appointed in 1989, 39 years after the Supreme Court was set up in 1950.
The second was Justice Sujata V Manohar, who started her career as a Judge of the Bombay HC.
She was elevated to the apex court on November 8, 1994, and remained there until August 27, 1999.
Justice Ruma Pal was third and longest-serving woman judge. Her tenure was from January 28, 2000, to June 2, 2006.
Justice Gyan Sudha Misra, the fourth woman judge, served the apex court from April 30, 2010, to April 27, 2014.
During her stint, Misra was joined by Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai, who served Supreme Court between September 13, 2011, and October 29, 2014.
Justice Misra and Justice Desai created history by holding court together as an all-women bench for a day in 2013. Justice Desai retired on October 29, 2014.
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