Ayodhya case: Supreme Court refers the case for mediation
The constitutional bench headed by CJI Ranjan Gogoi said the monitored mediation will provide a "permanent solution" to the issue.
In the last hearing, the bench noted parties should consider settling the decades-old case amicably as several sentiments are attached with it.
Here's more on it.
Media won't cover mediation proceedings, orders court
The mediator panel will be headed by former SC judge FM Kalifullah. Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and senior advocate Sriram Panchu are part of the panel too.
The court ordered media will not cover mediation proceedings and the discussions will be held confidentially.
The mediation will be held in Faizabad. The status report has to be submitted in four weeks.
Understanding what the Ayodhya case is all about
The Ayodhya title dispute pertains to 2.77 acres of land in the Uttar Pradesh town.
In 1992, Babri Masjid, a 16th-century mosque, was razed by Hindu activists as they believed Lord Rama took human form at the exact spot.
After the Babri Masjid demolition, riots broke out across the country killing thousands. In 2010, the Allahabad High Court gave its verdict in the case.
Love India news?
Stay updated with the latest happenings.
Yes, notify Me
Allahabad HC divided land equally, but parties weren't happy
Allahabad HC divided the land equally among all three parties- deity Ram Lalla, Sunni Waqf Board and Nirmohi Akhara.
But none of the parties were satisfied with the judgment and approached the top court.
Almost a decade after Allahabad HC pronounced the verdict, the case hasn't reached any conclusion in the SC.
And during the last hearing, the constitutional bench spoke about mediation.
We can't change the past, Justice Bobde said in court
Apart from CJI Gogoi, the bench included Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.
When one of the representatives of the Hindu side told the court it was difficult to forget what invaders did, Justice Bobde said they know what happened.
"We cannot undo that. We can only undo what exists in the present moment and that's the dispute," he said.
Hindu Mahasabha's representative said there can't be any compromise
The fresh call for negotiations, however, didn't strike a chord with the Hindu side.
Advocate Hari Shankar Jain, who represented a faction of Hindu Mahasabha, said mediation won't work and there "cannot be any compromise". "It's a question of our faith and sentiments. It's Ramjanmabhoomi," Jain argued.
But the bench opined it was unfair that he was jumping to conclusions.
Justice Bobde said court is aware of sentiments
"Are you not saying it's going to be failure even before we have ordered it... That isn't fair. We are conscious of the dispute, conscious of the body politic of this country. We are looking at minds, hearts, and healing if possible," said Justice Bobde.
Other parties gave mediation a nod
Notably, representatives of Sunni Waqf Board said they were ready to give mediation a shot, but raised concerns about privacy during negotiations.
The Nirmohi Akhara, too, agreed for the mediation.
After hearing all the arguments, the court reserved its verdict on March 6. Now that mediation has been ordered, the long-winding case will likely be resolved after the Lok Sabha elections.
Earlier, PM Modi clarified Centre's stand on Ayodhya case
With impending elections, the Ayodhya issue has put the ruling BJP in a tough spot. The saffron party promised construction of Ram Temple in its manifesto.
As Prime Minister Narendra Modi's term neared an end, supporters of BJP asked the Centre to pass an ordinance.
But PM Modi clarified no action will be taken till the judicial process gets over.
Advocate Hari Shankar Jain
Allahabad High Court
Ayodhya Ram Mandir
Hari Shankar Jain
India Ranjan Gogoi
Justices SA Bobde
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Sunni Waqf Board
Most asked questions
What is the Ayodhya case all about?
Askedby Rishika Jain
What did Allahabad High Court decide on Ayodhya case?
Askedby Harini Verma
How many judges are on the bench?
Askedby Arnav Mittal
What has Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Ayodhya case?
Askedby Ananya Verma