Everything you need to know about NEP controversy

India

05 Jun 2019

Explained: What is the controversy around Hindi 'imposition'?

Who would have thought that languages, of which there is no dearth in India, would become BJP 2.0's first controversy?

After Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his cabinet took oath, a draft bill was released by the HRD ministry. The bill suggested "imposing" Hindi across the nation which led to a massive outcry in non-Hindi states.

Here are all the details about the row.

Draft

Understanding what the HRD proposed initially

Understanding what the HRD proposed initially

It all started on May 31, when a draft of the National Education Policy (NEP) was uploaded on HRD's website.

The clause which came under fire involved "three languages". The draft sought to make Hindi compulsory in all schools across India.

Moreover, it suggested making Hindi and English mandatory languages in all non-Hindi speaking states, while making a third language mandatory in Hindi-speaking states.

Reactions

Tamil Nadu led the protest against contentious draft

The draft policy, which was formed under former HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar, and released by new HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, drew sharp criticism.

The loudest criticism came from Tamil Nadu. Politicians of the southernmost state slammed Centre for "forcing" Hindi and pointed out that the state doesn't speak the language.

DMK even threatened of widespread protest against the contentious draft.

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Statement

From Stalin to Siddaramaiah, politicians picked arms against Centre

From Stalin to Siddaramaiah, politicians picked arms against Centre

DMK Chief MK Stalin said the draft might "divide" the country. PMK, which is BJP's ally in Tamil Nadu, echoed the emotions and said the bill should be scrapped.

Similarly, Congress leader and former Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah called it a "brutal assault" on states.

"There is no need for three languages. English and Kannada are there... they are enough," he said.

Changes

After uproar, Centre changed the draft

Facing flak from all quarters, the Centre was forced to tweak the draft.

As per the revised draft, students can change one or more of the three languages in Grade 6 or Grade 7.

The draft added that students will have to "demonstrate proficiency in three languages (one language at the literature level) in their modular Board Examinations sometime during secondary school."

Pride

History has shown language is extremely important for Tamilians

History has shown language is extremely important for Tamilians

The Centre may have changed the draft but it wasn't enough to placate dissenting voices. Notably, this is not the first instance when Tamil Nadu opposed Hindi imposition.

Tamil is one of the oldest languages and evokes a lot of pride among natives.

In 1965, the state witnessed violent protests after Centre suggested that Hindi should be India's official language.

Tweet

Meanwhile, AR Rahman waded into the controversy with subtle tweet

As the issue raged on, music maestro AR Rahman put out a subtle tweet, which was seen as his message to Centre.

The Oscar-winning musician tweeted, "AUTONOMOUS | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary". With this tweet, Rahman, who wears Tamil pride on his sleeve, hinted he supports autonomy in states.

While his followers rallied behind him, some attacked Rahman for his views.

You can check Rahman's tweet here

Details

Earlier too, Rahman flayed with Centre with his tweets

Earlier too, Rahman flayed with Centre with his tweets

On Sunday, Rahman put out another tweet which also carried an underlying message.

He shared a video of a Punjabi singer crooning a Tamil song, composed by him. Sharing the link, Rahman wrote, "Tamizh is spreading in Punjab."

In yet another tweet he thanked Centre for rolling back the draft and wrote, "Hindi is not compulsory in Tamil".

Rahman is clearly making his voice heard.

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