All about Encephalitis outbreak in Bihar

India

12 Jun 2019

Bihar: 53 children die in suspected Encephalitis outbreak

Bihar has been reeling under an Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) outbreak, which has reportedly claimed the lives of 53 children in the past 10 days.

Reportedly, 36 children died of the disease in the past two days alone, with Muzaffarpur as one of the worst-hit regions.

Centre has already sent a medical team to Bihar amid rising cases of encephalitis.

Here are more details.

Details

AES outbreaks routine in Muzaffarpur, nearby areas

AES outbreaks routine in Muzaffarpur, nearby areas

IANS reports, dozens of seriously ill children, mostly from rural areas, exhibiting symptoms of AES have been admitted to the Shri Krishna Memorial College Hospital (SKMCH) and Kejriwal Hospital in Muzaffarpur. NDTV reports that 133 children have been admitted to hospitals.

Reportedly, AES outbreaks are routine in Muzaffarpur and nearby districts around monsoon, when mosquito breeding peaks, and commonly affects children under age 15.

AES

What is Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)?

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)- locally known as Chamki Bukhar or Mastishk Bukhar- is a severe case of viral encephalitis, characterized by inflammation of the brain.

AES commonly affects infants and the elderly, and symptoms include high fever, headache, light-sensitivity, vomiting, confusion, seizures, paralysis, among others.

AES is most commonly caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)- a flavivirus transmitted by Culicine mosquito.

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Discrepancy

Death toll inconsistent among reports, official statements

Death toll inconsistent among reports, official statements

Meanwhile, state health department has put AES death toll at 11. IANS states that officially, there have only been 48 AES cases this year.

Bihar Health Minister Mangal Pandey, however, said there's only been one Japanese encephalitis-related death, attributing other deaths to hypoglycemia- severe loss of blood sugar.

Further, Principal Health Secretary Sanjay Kumar confirmed 11 AES-related deaths and 27 other AES-JE cases.

Action

Centre forms special team to help with containment, control operations

Notably, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare formed a special medical team to help with containment and control operations on Tuesday.

Experts from National Center for Disease Control (NCDC), National Vector Borne Diseases Control Program (NVBDCP), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS), Patna and Child Health Division of the Health Ministry constitute the central team.

WCD, Health Ministries to distribute glucose-rich foods: Health Minster

Additionally, Health Minister Harsh Vardhan visited Bihar on Monday and met Pandey to assess the situation. He said, "Health Ministry is also coordinating with the Ministry of Women and Child Development for distribution of nutritious food with glucose to prevent development of AES."

Quote

Awareness campaign wasn't done properly: Bihar CM

Awareness campaign wasn't done properly: Bihar CM

Separately, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar expressed concern, saying, "Ahead of monsoon, every year this disease creates havoc."

"It seems in the last two years there was a drop in the number of cases, but this time, it has hit again. The awareness campaign wasn't done properly," he added.

He emphasized on awareness, advising against letting children sleep or have litchi on empty stomachs.

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Most asked questions

How many children have died due to AES in Bihar?

What action is the government taking?

What is Acute Encephalitis Syndrome?

How is AES different from Japanese encephalitis?

More questions

How many children have died due to AES in Bihar?

Asked 2019-06-12 14:04:01 by Hansika Singh

Answered by NewsBytes

According to some reports, the Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) outbreak in Bihar has claimed the lives of 53 children in the past 10 days, including 36 deaths in the past two days alone. However, official figures report that there have only been 48 reported cases of AES this year. The state health department says only 11 children have died due to AES.

What action is the government taking?

Asked 2019-06-12 14:04:01 by Trishla Jaiteley

Answered by NewsBytes

The union ministry of health and family welfare Tuesday formed a special medical team to assist Bihar with containment and control operations with the Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) outbreak.

What is Acute Encephalitis Syndrome?

Asked 2019-06-12 14:04:01 by Tejas Gavde

Answered by NewsBytes

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)—locally known as 'Chamki Bukhar' or 'Mastishk Bukhar'—is a severe case of viral encephalitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the brain, caused by a number of viruses.

How is AES different from Japanese encephalitis?

Asked 2019-06-12 14:04:01 by Harini Patil

Answered by NewsBytes

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) is the severe form of viral encephalitis, which is a group of medical conditions. When viral encephalitis is caused by a flavivirus transmitted by Culicine mosquito (called Japanese encephalitis virus of JEV), the disease is termed Japanese encephalitis.

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