16 Jun 2017
Population control- 146 lacking districts to have 'Mission Parivar Vikas'
Upping its fight against population explosion, the government has announced 'Mission Parivar Vikas' in 146 districts where the Total Fertility Rate (number of children born per woman) is more than three.
It is aimed at bringing population control methods to the common man's reach and spread awareness about related issues.
The districts are located in Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
Assam, Bihar, Rajasthan, UP among the worst-faring states
India's TFR has come down significantly, from 2.6 in 2008 to 2.3 now (it is aiming a replacement level of 2.1). However, the decline is uneven across different regions.
These 146 districts add up to 28% of the population.
High IMR, MMR also to be targeted
The program also aims to control maternal and infant mortality, which are related to high TFR. These districts account for 25-30% of maternal deaths and 50% of infant deaths.
The government will distribute family planning kits to newlyweds and award compensation to the needy.
"Saarthi-Awareness on Wheels", special buses, will make rounds to disseminate information. Regional actors will also be roped in for the purpose.
Mother-in-law, daughter-in-law relationships will be in focus
Apart from focusing on spousal communication, ASHA workers will emphasize openness between mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law through 'Saas-Bahu Sammelans'. Increased support, acceptance and knowledge can help people combat unhealthy behaviors and keep themselves from taking bad decisions.