India

Have temple at disputed Ayodhya site, mosque nearby: Shia Board

08 Aug 2017 | Written by Gogona Saikia; Edited by Anupama Vijayakumar
Ayodhya dispute: Shia Board bats for peaceful solution

In a significant development, the Shia Wakf Board proposed to the SC that a temple be built at the disputed Ayodhya site and the mosque be located nearby in a Muslim-dominated area.

It noted the Sunni board has no say in the matter since the mosque was Shia property. "Only Shia central Waqf board, UP, is entitled to negotiate with other stakeholders," it said.

In context: Ayodhya dispute: Shia Board bats for peaceful solution

SignificanceBabri Masjid: What is the issue all about?

The Babri Masjid was built by Mughal emperor Babar in 1528. Hindus claim that a Ram temple that originally stood there was demolished to construct the mosque.

The Babri Masjid dispute has been a decisive factor driving Hindu-Muslim communal relations in India. Its demolition and ensuing riots considerably soured inter-community relations.

CBI alleges that the perpetrators were falsely acquitted earlier due to technical reasons.

ChronologyHow did the demolition happen?

In 1984, the VHP led by Home Minister LK Advani began a campaign to "liberate" the "Ramjanmabhoomi" and build a temple in its place.

In 1990, VHP volunteers accompanying LK Advani on a "rathyatra" partially damaged the structure.

In 1991, BJP came to power in UP. In 1992, VHP and Shiv Sena volunteers demolished the mosque sparking communal riots across India, killing 2000 people.

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NegotiationsAttempts at out of court settlement of the dispute

In March, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court suggested that an out of court settlement was the best recourse to the Ayodhya dispute. Offering to act as mediator, the CJI also suggested that the parties choose mediators on their own.

However, till then, out of Court settlement in the dispute had previously been attempted nine times, and all of them were unsuccessful.

OptionsThe various proposals for peaceful settlement

Retired HC Judge Palok Basu had proposed the mosque be constructed 500m away from the disputed site.

In 2015, Hashim Ansari and Mahant Gyan Das (Akhara Parishad) suggested that the mosque and temple be built simultaneously at the disputed site, with a 100-feet wall separating them.

Nimrohi Akhara recommended the construction at Mir Baqi's tomb located 5km away from the disputed site.

08 Aug 2017Have temple at disputed Ayodhya site, mosque nearby: Shia Board

AffidavitRecommendations by the Shia Board

According to the Shia Board's affidavit, proximity of "place of worships should be avoided in as much as both denominations using loudspeakers tend to disturb religious performance of each other often leading to conflicts and acrimony".

"Masjid can be located in a Muslim-dominated area at a reasonable distance from the most revered place of birth of Ram."

It made clear it favors peaceful solution.

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10 Aug 2017Ayodhya dispute: UP Shia Board challenges Sunni ownership of mosque

A day after proposing peaceful settlement of the Ayodhya dispute, UP's Shia Waqf Board has approached the SC challenging a 1946 order declaring the mosque as Sunni-Board property.

Contrary to popular belief, it said the mosque was built by Babur's minister Abdul Mir Baqi, a Shia, after demolishing a temple on the site.

The SC will hear petition on this case on August 11.