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Politics
25 May 2017

Manipur protesters lay to rest men killed two years ago

Manipur's protests against "anti-tribal" bills

Tribals of Manipur, led by local leaders, laid to rest the bodies of eight men who were killed in police firing on August 31, 2015.

The bodies had been stored in the mortuary since then as a mark of protest.

On the fateful day two years ago, nine men were killed in Churachandpur when locals took to the streets to protest three "anti-tribal" bills.

In context

Manipur's protests against "anti-tribal" bills
What were the bills about?

Bills

What were the bills about?

On August 31, 2015, the Manipur Assembly passed the Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill, 2015, the Manipur Shops Establishments (Second Amendment) Bill, 2015, and the Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2015.

The official purpose was to protect the "indigenous people", but it angered the hill people, who claimed they were being sidelined and that their land could now be encroached.

Negotiation

An attempt at appeasement

In May last year, President Pranab Mukherjee rejected the Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill, objecting to its definition of "Manipuri". The other two bills were also sent back for reconsideration.

However, the Joint Action Committee (JAC), who was leading the protests, didn't call off the movement.

Among its demands were more autonomy for the hill areas, and making Lamka a full-fledged district.

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Protesters reach truce with government

MoU

Protesters reach truce with government

On May 10 this year, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the JAC and the state government.

The Home Ministry noted, "In the future, any new bill which affects the interests of indigenous tribal people, the government will follow due procedure… in consultation with all stakeholders."

The MoU also promised compensation to victims of the violence. The deaths will be investigated.

Ceremony

Eight bodies laid to rest with floral tributes, prayers

The body of the youngest victim, an 11-year-old, was buried in December'16 after an understanding with the then CM Okram Ibobi Singh.

On May 24, the other right bodies were taken on trucks to Lamka and laid to rest with floral tributes, prayers and speeches.

Many state cabinet ministers attended along with chief secretary O Nabakishore.

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