This was his 16th career Test ton and a first in Australia.
The innings also saw Pujara surpassing the 5,000-run mark in Test cricket.
He became the 12th Indian to get past this mark.
Pujara scored 71 more runs in the second innings and needs 150 runs to go past legend Kapil Dev (5,248 runs).
Kohli registers his 25th Test victory as Indian skipper
Virat Kohli registered his 25th Test victory as a captain.
Kohli has 15 wins at home and 10 away.
He needs another three more wins to surpass MS Dhoni.
India's most successful captain MS Dhoni has 27 Test wins.
He needs 2 more overseas wins to become the most successful Indian skipper away from home.
Sourav Ganguly had 11.
Shami has most Test wickets for India this year
Mohammed Shami picked five wickets in this Test. With this, he now has 38 Test scalps this year. He is India's joint-leading wicket-taker. R Ashwin also has 38 wickets to his name. The leading wicket-taker this year is Kagiso Rabada and D Perera (46).