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Pakistan to not receive $300m in military reimbursements

06 Aug 2016 | Written by Ramya ; Edited by NewsBytes Desk

Pakistan will not receive $300 million from the Pentagon in military reimbursements.

According to a US official, US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter, has decided not to inform the Congress that Pakistan has been taking "adequate action" on the Haqqani network.

The US has been frustrated by Pakistan's unwillingness to take a decision on Islamist groups like the Haqqani and the Afghan Taliban network.

In context: US-Pak military ties under stress?

IntroductionTies between the US and Pakistan

Bilateral relations between the US and Pakistan date back to 1947.

Pakistan is a major non-NATO ally and 'War on Terrorism' partner of the US, which is its second-largest military equipment supplier after China.

Pakistan has been a leading recipient of military assistance from the US.

The US obligated about $78.3 billion (military and economic aid) between 1948 and 2016 to Pakistan.

F-16 DealThe US-Pak F-16 fighter jet deal

US-Pakistan relations were tested when the US stalled the F-16 fighter jet deal with Pakistan in early 2016.

In March, Bob Corker stated he would use the power as the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman to bar funding for Pakistan's $700-million worth F-16 deal.

In May, the US said no subsidies would be provided to Pakistan following which Pakistan failed to seal the contract.

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US lawmakers concerned about Pak's actions

Another incident that put US-Pak ties under stress was the US drone strike in May'16 to kill Afghan Taliban Chief, Mullah Akhtar Mansour in Pakistan. Recently, several US lawmakers raised concerns over Pakistan's nuclear program, commitment to fight terrorism, and cooperation in Afghanistan's peace process.
What is the Coalition Support Fund?

CSFWhat is the Coalition Support Fund?

Coalition Support Fund, created in 2002, is a US Defense Department program under which, money from Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF) is reimbursed to allies.

Allies who have incurred costs by providing military and logistical support to the US in counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations are eligible.

According to the Pentagon, $14 billion has been reimbursed to Pakistan - the largest recipient - since 2002.

06 Aug 2016Pakistan to not receive $300m in military reimbursements

Action against the Haqqani network

Adam Stump, the Pentagon spokesman, stated: "The funds could not be released to the Government of Pakistan at this time because the secretary has not yet certified that Pakistan has taken sufficient action against the Haqqani network."
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Pakistan's ActionDecision does not reduce significance of Pak's sacrifices

Over the last decade, relations between both the nations have been frayed because - as the US termed - Pakistan wasn't willing to take action to counter militant groups.

The $300 million fund, which has been stalled, falls under the Coalition Support Fund (CSF).

Pentagon spokesman Stump said the decision doesn't reduce the "significance" of the Pakistani military's sacrifices in the past two years.

One of the many cooperative arrangements

The Pentagon's decision was a sign that Pakistan needs to work more in North Waziristan military operations. Pakistan's embassy in Washington said, "The Coalition Support Fund is one of the many cooperative arrangements between Pakistan and the United States to pursue common objectives."

ResistanceResistance towards funding Pakistan

Rejecting accusations that it harbors militants, Pakistan said there are certain limits to how much it can do to tackle multiple Islamist militant groups.

It also stated that it is wary of some "blowback" from those terror groups in the form of several more terror attacks in the country.

Resistance towards funding Pakistan has been on the rise in the US Congress of late.

02 Jan 2017US sanctions 7 Pak firms

The US has sanctioned 7 Pakistani firms for "acting contrary" to American national security; they include National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM), Air Weapons Complex (AWC), Maritime Technology Complex (MTC) and New Auto Engineering (NAE).

The US department of commerce said the sanctions were "based on specific and articulable facts."

There has been no official response from Pakistan.