The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a statistical tool developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), to measure and track hunger - globally, regionally and nationally.
It is designed to raise awareness and call attention to the issue and hopes to increase the commitment and resources dedicated to end hunger.
The first edition of GHI was published in 2006.
GHI scores are based on four indicators : proportion of undernourished people, mortality rate for children under the age of 5, child stunting, and child wasting.
A high GHI score reflects high hunger problem and vice-versa.
On the GHI scale, a score below 10 indicates "low" prevalence of hunger and above 50 means an "extremely alarming" situation.
12 Oct 2016
India rated 'Serious' in Global Hunger Index
According to the Global Hunger Index 2016, India was ranked 97 among 118 countries. With a 28.5 GHI score, India was below the average of a developing country (21.3).
India ranked behind China (29), Nepal (72), Myanmar (75), Sri Lanka (84), and Bangladesh (90).
The report indicated that 15.2% Indians are undernourished and 38.7% of under-five children (2 out of 5) are stunted.
GHI - Top and bottom ranked nations
Among the developing nations, Argentina and Brazil were ranked best with a GHI score below 5.
Countries including Chad and Central African Republic performed worst with a score of 44.3 and 46.1, respectively.
IFPRI while releasing the GHI report said that if hunger decline followed the same rate as it did since 1992, global community will fall short of 2030 Sustainable Development Goal.
Countries that have improved
Few countries like Cambodia, Myanmar, and Rwanda, have improved over the years and have succeeded in reducing their GHI scores by over 50%, since 2000. Further no developing country, for which data was available, was in the "extremely alarming" category.