Nigeria: 60 killed in Boko Haram attack

World

02 Feb 2019

Boko Haram killed 'at least 60' in NE Nigeria: Amnesty

Boko Haram, an armed group, killed at least 60 civilians in an attack on the remote town of Rann in northeast Nigeria earlier this week, Amnesty International said yesterday.

The human rights group's Nigeria director Osai Ojigho said, "at least 60 people" were killed while satellite imagery showed "mass burning" of structures used by displaced people."

Here are more details.

Some 50 people are still missing: Human rights group

"Eleven bodies were found within Rann town, and 49 were found outside," Amnesty said, adding some 50 people were still missing. One of the 10 civilian militia members, who traveled to Rann to bury the dead, said bodies found outside the town had gunshot wounds.

War crime

Recent attack is the deadliest by Boko Haram on Rann

Recent attack is the deadliest by Boko Haram on Rann

"This attack on civilians who have already been displaced by the bloody conflict may amount to a possible war crime, and those responsible must be brought to justice," said Ojigho.

The death toll made it the "deadliest" by Boko Haram on Rann, she added.

In Jan'17, a botched Nigerian airstrike intended to hit jihadists killed at least 112 people as aid workers distributed food.

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Details

Boko Haram attacked Rann four times since last March

Rann, which is some 175 kilometers (110 miles) northeast of the Borno state capital, Maiduguri, has now been hit four times since March last year.

The first attack killed three aid workers and saw three others kidnapped. Two of the three were later executed.

The second attack happened in early December while the third attack occurred in mid-January this year.

9,000 Rann people fleeing to Cameroon had been sent back

On January 14, fighters loyal to the Boko Haram faction led by Abubakar Shekau attacked a military position. Some 9,000 people fled across the border into Cameroon but were sent back, as troops from Nigeria's eastern neighbor were deployed to Rann as reinforcements.

Forces withdrawal

Nigerian forces withdrew fearing major attack by Boko Haram

Nigerian forces withdrew fearing major attack by Boko Haram

Cameroonian forces were withdrawn last Sunday, which, the UN said, forced over 30,000 people to flee in fear of another attack.

It was said that the remaining Nigerian soldiers also withdrew because there were not enough of them to fight off Boko Haram if they came in greater numbers.

Ojigho said that "environmental sensors detected fires" in and around Rann on Monday and Tuesday.

Satellite images

Satellite images shows over 100 structures heavily damaged in attack

The fire detected in and around Rann indicated that the jihadists returned after the troops pulled out.

Analysis of satellite images indicated the two attacks had left most of the town "heavily damaged or destroyed", and "well over 100" structures had been burned down.

Many of the structures destroyed date back to 2017, indicating they had been freshly constructed for the refugees.

Investigation

Amnesty wants Nigeria to investigate withdrawal of troops

Amnesty wants Nigeria to investigate withdrawal of troops

Rann had been home to some 35,000 internally displaced people (IDPs), according to the International Organization for Migration.

Amnesty International said it wanted Nigeria to investigate the withdrawal of troops, as it "may have left tens of thousands of civilians exposed" to attack.

On Wednesday, the Norwegian Refugee Council called on Cameroon to keep open its borders to those fleeing Boko Haram attacks.

Background

Over 27,000 killed in 10 years of Boko Haram fighting

More than 27,000 people have been killed in nearly 10 years of Boko Haram fighting, while some 1.8 million others remain homeless and reliant on aid for food, shelter, healthcare, and water.

The UN this week said it needed $848 million (€741 million) to fund projects for the affected civilians in Borno state and two other northeast states over the next three years.

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Boko Haram

Death

Nigeria

Nigerian Army

Abubakar Shekau

Amnesty International

IDP

International Organization

International Organization for Migration

NE Nigeria

Norwegian Refugee Council

Osai Ojigho

Refugee Council

UN

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