Written byRamya Patelkhana ·
He has been impeached on two charges: one for the abuse of power of his office and a second for the obstruction of Congress.
Trump is the third President in the history of the US to be impeached.
Trump is alleged to have abused his office to pressurize Ukraine to interfere in the 2020 US Presidential Elections for investigating his political rivals for personal and political gains.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi launched the formal impeachment inquiry into Trump on September 24 after a whistleblower revealed that he asked his Ukrainian counterpart, Volodymyr Zelensky, to probe former Vice-President Joe Biden and his family.
The 435-member House of Representatives had voted 232 to 196 in favor of formalizing the impeachment inquiry against Trump on October 31, approving the process of his removal from office.
Later, on December 10, House Democrats had unveiled the two articles of impeachment against Trump for abusing his office as well as for obstructing Congress.
On August 12, the whistleblower complained about a July 25 telephone conversation between Trump and Zelensky. In the conversation, Trump asked Zelensky to investigate 2020 US Presidential candidate Biden and his son Hunter, who has served as a Director for Ukrainian energy company Burisma.
Trump is accused by the Democrats of withholding military aid to Ukraine - which it sought to combat Russian military aggression - for political and personal gains.
Democrats had also accused Trump of putting national security at risk when he pressurized the newly elected Ukrainian President Zelensky to pursue investigations against his political rivals.
Notably, on the eve of the historic impeachment vote, Trump had sent a "furious" six-page letter to House Speaker Pelosi in which he denounced the "vicious crusade" against him.
He accused Pelosi and House Democrats of pursuing an "invalid" and partisan impeachment inquiry. Trump also defended himself against the charges of abuse of power and obstruction of the congressional inquiry in the letter.
Though Trump has been impeached, it doesn't mean he'll be removed from office immediately. The US Senate will decide whether he should be removed.
According to the US Constitution, a president, who has been impeached by the House, can still serve as president. So, the Senate has to hold a trial and vote to determine whether Trump should be convicted and removed from office.
Before Trump, Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson are the only US Presidents to have been impeached by the House. However, both Clinton and Johnson were acquitted by the Senate. So, it is up to the Senate to decide whether to acquit or convict Trump.
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