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30 Mar 2017

China announces new rules targeting Xinjiang's ethnic Uighur Muslims

China is stepping up its campaign against religious extremism in the restive Xinjiang region, populated by the Muslim Uighur people.

Xinjiang lawmakers have passed new legislation to implement a host of new measures, including prohibition of "abnormal" beards and the wearing of face veils in public areas.

Xinjiang has witnessed hundreds of deaths from violence attributed by China to Islamist militants and separatists.

In context

China cracks down on religious extremism in Xinjiang

New Rules - 1

New rules prohibit face veils, religious wedding ceremonies

Individuals fully covering their bodies and wearing face veils will be dissuaded from entering public spaces such as stations and airports. They will be reported to the police.

Refusing or rejecting state television and radio has been banned.

Marriages through religious rather than legal means have been banned along with the use of the name "Halal to meddle in the secular life of others."

New Rules - 2

Children aren't allowed to be named "to exaggerate religious fervour"

The new rules make it mandatory for children to attend regular school and for parents to abide by family planning policies.

It's illegal to deliberately damage legal documents.

The "abnormal growing of beards and naming of children to exaggerate religious fervour" has been banned.

Previously, such rules were applicable in certain areas or towns of Xinjiang. Now they apply to the entire province.

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China denies abuses

Rights groups blame China's repressive policies for increased violence

Rights groups say the violence in the Xinjian province is a reaction to China's repressive policies.

China officially grants freedom of religion and insists it protects the legal, cultural and religious rights of ethnic Uighurs.

However, authorities have introduced several measures in recent years to crack down on a perceived increase in religious extremism.

But, China vehemently denies committing any abuses in Xinjiang.

Uighur women wear veils to express dissent against Chinese rules

The Uighurs traditionally follow a liberal form of Islam. Yet, there has been a growth in the wearing of face veils among woman in recent years, which according to experts is a means of expressing dissent against Chinese controls.

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