He went on to meet several world leaders, appealed to the United Nations and convinced the General Assembly to adopt resolutions in 1959, 1961 and 1965, calling for the protection of the Tibetan people.
Impact on Sino-Indian ties
Sino Indian ties have been severely affected by the Dalai Lama's presence in India.
They are particularly concerned with his visits to Arunachal Pradesh's Tawang district, which China claims is a part of Tibet.
China feels that the Dalai Lama's continued influence in Tibetan society affects the legitimacy of Chinese rule in Tibet.
Meeting Dalai Lama infringes on Chinese sovereignty: Beijing
China claims that world leaders who meet the Dalai Lama show that they are supportive of his cause, and hence question China's sovereign rule over Tibet. Therefore, China makes every visit to the Dalai Lama by Indian leaders, a matter of bilateral concern.
11 May 2017
China objects to US delegation's visit to China
Beijing has condemned the recent meeting of a US Congress delegation with the Dalai Lama saying the move "sent a very wrong signal to the world about Tibet independence."
China's foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said the meeting amounted to US support to Tibetan independence.
The lawmakers reportedly discussed the issue of human rights violations in Tibet.