Reacting to the inauguration of the Dhola-Sadiya bridge, linking Assam to Arunachal Pradesh, China has issued a sharp warning to India to "be cautious and exercise restraint on building infrastructure in Arunachal Pradesh".
The statement which was issued from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, urged India to solve bilateral territorial disputes in consultation with them.
India and China have had a long-standing border dispute. The period since the 1962 war has seen several skirmishes at the border.
Unlike India, China has long been developing infrastructure on its side of the border. However, analysts note that India avoided building roads in the region, fearing a repeat of what happened in 1962, when Chinese troops marched into Assam.
"We hope India adopts a cautious and restrained attitude on the issue before the final settlement of the border issue with China to jointly control disputes, safeguard peace and tranquility in the border areas," noted the Chinese Foreign Ministry statement.
India sees the bridge as a strategic asset as well as a a facilitator of economic and cultural connectivity to the North-eastern states.
China naturally fears the increased likelihood of Indian troops making their way across the bridge up till China's doorstep. China also fears that the bridge would offset the military advantage it derives from better infrastructure on its side of the border.