An editorial published in China's state-owned Global Times said India must be taught a 'bitter lesson'.
It also warned India that war with China could cause 'greater losses than in 1962'.
The editorial is in reaction to Defence Minister Arun Jaitley's statement that the India of 2017 is different from the India of 1962.
It comes amid the ongoing Sino-India border standoff near Sikkim.
State-owned Chinese media blasts India over Sikkim standoff
What has happened so far?
China accused India of halting its road-construction in the Donglang area near Sikkim, while India says that it stopped the PLA which transgressed into the Doka La area and destroyed two bunkers.
Maintaining that Donglang is part of its territory, Bhutan accused China of violating its boundaries.
Global Times linked to Chinese Communist Party
The Global Times is a tabloid affiliated to the Chinese Communist Party's mouthpiece People's Daily. It is known for its nationalistic views and often publishes anti-India articles and editorials.
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Chinese daily accuses Indian of entering Chinese territory
The editorial said: "Jaitley is right that the India of 2017 is different from that of 1962 - India will suffer greater losses than in 1962 if it incites military conflicts."
It said "India's provocation" has left the Chinese public "infuriated."
It also asserted that the Chinese military is "powerful enough to expel Indian troops out of Chinese territory."
Chinese daily says India is "acting shamelessly"
The editorial accused the "Cold War-obsessed India" of "acting shamelessly before the international community" by propping up Bhutan against China. It said the Indian Army's "illegal border intrusion" violates international law. It said China still wants to resolve the issue in a peaceful manner.