US airstrike kills 52 al-Shabab extremists in Somalia
The US military yesterday said it had carried out its deadliest airstrike in Somalia in months, killing 52 al-Shabab extremists after a "large group" mounted an attack on Somali forces. The US Africa Command said the airstrike occurred near Jilib in Middle Juba region. There were no reports of American or Somali soldiers killed or wounded, said US statement. Here's what happened.
Al-Shabab via its Shahada news agency asserted that its attack on two Somali army bases killed at least 41 soldiers. It mentioned the location as the Bar Sanjuni area near the port city of Kismayo. However, there was no immediate comment from Somalia's government.
In neighboring Ethiopia, state television cited the defense ministry as saying more than 60 al-Shabab fighters had been killed and that four vehicles loaded with explosives had been "destroyed." Ethiopia contributes troops to a multinational African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia and has troops there independently under Ethiopian army command. The extremist group, Al-Shabab controls large parts of rural southern and central Somalia.
Al-Shabab continues to carry out high-profile suicide bombings and other attacks in the capital, Mogadishu, and elsewhere. It claimed responsibility for the deadly attack on a luxury hotel complex in the capital of neighboring Kenya on Tuesday, the latest high-toll assault inside that county in retaliation for Kenya sending troops to Somalia to fight al-Shabab. Over 20 people were killed in the attack.
The United States has dramatically stepped up airstrikes against al-Shabab in Somalia since President Donald Trump took office, carrying out at least 47 such strikes last year. Some of the airstrikes have targeted top al-Shabab leaders or key financial officials.
The extremist group funds its attacks with an extensive network of "taxation" and extortion. In October, the US said an airstrike killed about 60 fighters near the al-Shabab-controlled community of Harardere in Mudug province in the central part of the country. The US yesterday said it's committed to "preventing al-Shabab from taking advantage of safe havens for attacking the people of Somalia".
The airstrikes hamper the extremist group but have not "seriously degraded al-Shabab's capability to mount strikes either inside or outside Somalia," Matt Bryden of Sahan Research, an expert on the extremists said. Airstrikes alone cannot defeat the extremists, Bryden said, adding it must be combined with more ground-based attacks as well as a non-military campaign to win over residents of extremist-held areas.