World Bank promises $200 billion in 2021-25 climate action investment
The World Bank today unveiled $200 billion in climate action investment for 2021-25; adding this amounts to a doubling of its current five-year funding. It said the move, coinciding with a UN climate summit meeting of some 200 nations in Poland, represented a "significantly ramped up ambition" to tackle climate change, "sending an important signal to the wider global community to do the same".
Developed countries are committed to lifting combined annual public and private spending to $100bn in developing countries by 2020 to fight the impact of climate change, up from $48.5bn in 2016 and $56.7bn last year, according to latest OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) data. Southern hemisphere countries fighting the impact of warming temperatures are nonetheless pushing northern counterparts for firmer commitments.
The World Bank said the breakdown of the $200bn "would comprise approximately $100bn in direct finance from it." Around 1/3rd of the remaining funding will come from two World Bank Group agencies with the rest private capital "mobilized by the World Bank Group".
"If we don't reduce emissions and build adaptation now, we'll have 100 million more people living in poverty by 2030," John Roome, World Bank senior director for climate change, warned. He further said, "And we also know that the less we address this issue proactively just in three regions, Africa, South Asia, and Latin America, we'll have 133 million climate migrants."
The bank's financing package amounts to "about $40 billion a year, but the direct (finance) is $27 billion per year on average," Roome said. He added that in the 2018 fiscal year, running from July 2017 to June this year, the World Bank had committed $20.5 billion to climate action, compared with an annual average of $13.5 billion for the 2014-2018 period.
Roome said the money now being earmarked amounted to "about 35%" of the World Bank Group's total financing. Much of the climate action financing is being set aside for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, notably through the development of renewable energy strategies.
However, the World Bank stated that "a key priority is boosting support for climate adaptation," given the millions of people already battling the consequences of extreme weather. "By ramping up direct adaptation finance to reach around $50 billion over (fiscal) 21-25, the World Bank will, for the first time, give this equal emphasis alongside investments that reduce emissions," the bank stated.
Given the urgency to act in the face of sea level rise, flooding and drought "we must fight the causes, but also adapt to the consequences that are often most dramatic for the world's poorest people," said World Bank CEO Kristalina Georgieva. She said the bank was committed to adapting infrastructure while investing in "climate-smart agriculture, sustainable water management, and responsive social safety nets."
"Even if we can keep global warming down to 2 degrees Celsius we know you are gonna need a significant amount of adaptation in places like Chad, Mozambique or Bangladesh," said Roome. The countries whose representatives are meeting at the UN climate summit, which opened yesterday in Katowice, Poland, are seeking to make good on commitments made in the 2015 Paris climate accord.