#Mother'sDay: How a daughter made her mom's wish come true
Mother's Day is observed every year on the second Sunday of May in several countries. But, many countries mark the day on different dates. Greeks celebrate the festival on February 2 annually, while the United Kingdom celebrates it on the fourth Sunday of March. But what remains common is the bond between a mother and a child cherished on that day.
The origins of Mother's Day date back to the Romans and Ancient Greeks who used to celebrate goddess Rhea and Cybelle during the spring festival. In UK and Ireland, "Mothering Sunday" is being celebrated since the Middle Ages. Celebrated on the fourth Sunday of Lent in the United Kingdom and parts of Europe, it slowly turned into a secular holiday and became Mother's Day.
The celebrations of Mother's Day in the US date back to the 19th century when Ann Reeves Jarvis from West Virginia helped in establishing "Mother's Day Work Clubs" in the years before the Civil war. The clubs aimed to teach women how to take care of their kids. Jarvis started "Mother's Friendship Day" in 1868 to promote reunion between former Union and Confederate soldiers.
Anna Jarvis, Ann Reeves Jarvis's daughter, is considered the founder of Mother's Day. She worked hard to fulfill her mother's wish of having a memorial day dedicated to all the mothers for their "matchless service." She organized the first Mother's Day celebration in May 1908. By 1912, it became an annual holiday. However, Jarvis wasn't happy with how the day was commercialized.
Initially, Jarvis worked to make the day popular. President Woodrow Wilson declared Mother's Day a national annual observance in the United States in 1914. However, she was deeply hurt after big corporations commercialized the day. She urged people not to buy Mother's Day flowers, cards, and chocolates. She rejected the holiday by 1948 and wanted the government to remove it from the calendars.
Another person who helped in establishing the day was Julia Ward Howe who was a suffragette and abolitionist. The "Mother's Day Proclamation" was written by her in 1870. Howe also campaigned for "Mother's Peace Day" to be observed on June 2 annually. Other Mother's Day pioneers include Juliet Calhoun Blakely, Mary Towles Sasseen, and Frank Hering. Hering was called "the Father of Mother's Day."