Possibility of bloodshed as Myanmar troops reportedly moving to cities
(Sourced from PTI)
UN independent investigator on Myanmar said on Wednesday that hardened troops are being deployed from a number of border areas in northern Rakhine to some cities, raising the possibility of bloodshed and a tragic loss of life. The initial restraint of police dealing with citizen opposition to the coup has moved on in some instances to using rubber bullets, water cannons, and firing ammunition.
Special rapporteur Tom Andrews confirmed to The Associated Press that some troops are moving to some populated cities where the government is still fighting a Rohingya insurgency after a 2017 military crackdown that led 700,000 members of the Muslim minority to flee to Bangladesh.
The people of Myanmar understand what the military and these generals are capable of, and so their presence and where these troops are coming from makes him very nervous, Andrews added. He acknowledged the courage of the Myanmarese people who despite knowing the past actions of the military, are still protesting the February 1 coup that ousted the country's leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.
Tensions are extremely high, Andrews said. The population of Myanmar has responded vigorously, and they want to see action. He said three-quarters of civil servants are on strike, all private banks are closed, and the people have weakened the economy significantly from the inside. Andrews said they are looking for the international community to act.
The former Democratic Congressman from Maine, who served as General Secretary of the Nobel Peace Laureate Campaign for Suu Kyi and People of Burma in 2001, said the most important thing the international community can do is focused, targeted, tough economic sanctions and diplomatic pressure.
Andrews said a UN Security Council resolution imposing sanctions on the generals and an arms embargo on Myanmar would be terrific, but even if that's not possible there are many other options including coordinating economic sanctions which have a much greater impact. "The Biden administration announced the first round of US sanctions last week and promised more depending on what happens," he said.
Andrews said neighbor and ally China, which has a great deal of leverage on Myanmar, can play a very important role. "Behind the scenes pressure from China would be very, very useful," he said. "They've made some very helpful public statements, so I'm hopeful that they are going to continue to play a constructive role in respect to Myanmar," he said.
Andrews, who was also a consultant for the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma and the Euro-Burma Network, said he has not been able to come up with a good reason explaining why the generals carried out the coup.
About the new charges against Suu Kyi, he said, every time the regime opens its mouth it just demonstrates how isolated and insulated they are, because these charges and statements are just ridiculous. He said, the military, known as the Tatmadaw, don't even pretend to have a fair trial, pointing to Suu Kyi's secretive hearing which her lawyer wasn't informed about until it started.
"You have 8.6 million voting irregularities, supposedly, unsubstantiated, and then you come up with possession of walkie-talkies as the charge, and now additional charges being piled on top of it," he said. "This is a sham trial," added Andrews.
Andrews said what's extraordinary is that the military had enormous economic power that was guaranteed, very little accountability, control over significant branches of the government, and 25 percent of seats in Parliament which meant the constitution the generals wrote could never be changed. "What's amazing is that they violated the laws and the rules that they themselves set," he said.